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Main verb forms

Present continuous and present simple : I am doing and I do
Present continuous or simple? I am doing or I do?
State verb or action verb? I think or I am thinking?
The present perfect : I have done
The past simple : I did
Present or past simple? I have done or I did?
Past continuous or simple? I was doing or I did?
Present perfect continuous: I have been doing
I have been doing or I have done?
Past perfect :I had done
Past perfect continuous : I had been doing
Review of present and past tenses
Be going to and will
Be going to or will?
Present tenses for the future
Will be doing and will have done
Review of the future
Have and have got
The action verb have
Short forms, e.g. ‘s, ‘ve

Negatives, Questions and Answers

Negative statements
Subject/object questions, e.g. who saw you? / Who did you see ?
Who, what or which?
Short answers, e.g. Yes, it is.
Questions tags, e.g. it’s nice, isn’t it?
The patterns So/Neither do I and I hope so/not

Modal Verbs

Can, could and be able to
Can, may, could and be allowed to
Saying something is possible or certain: may, could, must etc.
Must and have to
Mustn’t or needn’t / don’t have to?
Requests,offers and suggestions: Would you….? Shall I ….? Etc.
Should, ought to, had better and be supposed to
It may/ could/ must have been etc.
Review of will, would, shall and should

The passive

Passive verb form
Active and passive? I did it or it was done?
Special passive patterns: I was given…, it is said…and he is said to…
Have /get something done
To be done and being done

Infinitive and ing-form

Verb+ infinitive or verb + ing-form? (want to play/ enjoy playing)
Start ,like etc. +to-infinitive/ing-form
Verb + object +to-infinitive, e.g. invite a friend to stay
Infinitive with and without to
Question word + to-infinitive, e.g. I know what to do
For with the to-infinitive, e.g. wait for you to finish
Verb / adjective + preposition + ing-form, e.g. think of going
Afraid to do or afraid of doing?
Used to do or used to doing?
Preposition or linking word + ing-form, e.g. before leaving
Go shopping and do the shopping
See it happen or see it happening?
Some patterns with the ing-form, e.g. I lay in bed reading

Talking about Grammar

Word classes: noun, adjective etc.
The parts of a sentence: subject, object etc.

Nouns and Articles (a/an/the)

Count nouns(e.g. a cup) and mass nouns(e.g. milk)
Count or mass/e.g. a cake or cake?
Agreement, e.g. my foot hurts/my feet hurt
Singular or plural: clothes, news, means etc.
Pair nouns(e.g. trousers) and group nouns(e.g. team)
a/an and the
General statements, e.g. cars or the cars, money or the money?
Go to school, stay in bed etc.
On Thursday , for lunch, by car etc.
Quite, such and what with a/an
Place names and the
Direct and indirect objects, e.g. give me the money

Demonstratives, Possessives and Quantifiers

This, that, these and those
My, your etc; mine, yours etc.
The boy’s name or the name of the boy?
Some and any
A lot of , many, much, a few and a little
All, most, some, every, each, both and none


Personal pronouns, e.g. I, you
There and it
Reflexive and emphatic pronouns, e.g. myself, yourself
Review of pronouns and possessives
The pronoun one/ones
Everyone, something etc.

Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives and word order, e.g. a cold day
Exciting or excited?
Adjectives + preposition, e.g. full of water
Adjective + to-infinitive, e.g. ready to go
Adjective or adverb? Nice or nicely?
Comparative and superlative forms, e.g. taller, tallest
Comparative and superlative patterns, e.g. taller than, as tall as
Much faster, faster and faster etc.
Adverbs and word order
Yet, still and already
Adverbs of degree, e.g. very, quite
Quite and rather
Too and enough


Prepositions of place, e.g. to, off, near
In, on and at (place)
In, on and at (time)
For, since, ago and before
During or while? By or until? As or like?
Preposition + noun, e.g. on holiday
Noun +preposition, e.g. the answer to the question

Verbs with Prepositions and Adverbs

Prepositional verbs, e.g. wait for
Verb + object + preposition, e.g. thank them for their help
Phrasal verbs, e.g. go out, turn around
Verb + adverb + preposition, e.g. catch up with

Reported Speech

Direct and reported speech
Changes in reported speech
Reported questions
Reported requests, offers etc.

Relative Clauses

Relative clauses with who, which and that
The relative pronoun as subject e.g. the letter that I wrote
Prepositions in relative clauses, e.g. the letter that I was looking for
Relative patterns with whose, what and it
The use of relative clauses
People arriving early, people left behind and the first people to arrive


Patterns with if
If, when, unless and in case
Wish and if only

Other Linking Words

But, although and in spite of
To, in order to, so that and for
Review of linking words